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使用滚动视图

ScrollView是一个通用的可滚动的容器,你可以在其中放入多个组件和视图,而且这些组件并不需要是同类型的。ScrollView 不仅可以垂直滚动,还能水平滚动(通过horizontal属性来设置)。

下面的示例代码创建了一个垂直滚动的ScrollView,其中还混杂了图片和文字组件。


import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { AppRegistry, ScrollView, Image, Text } from 'react-native';

export default class IScrolledDownAndWhatHappenedNextShockedMe extends Component {
  render() {
      return (
        <ScrollView>
          <Text style={{fontSize:96}}>Scroll me plz</Text>
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Text style={{fontSize:96}}>If you like</Text>
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Text style={{fontSize:96}}>Scrolling down</Text>
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Text style={{fontSize:96}}>What's the best</Text>
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Text style={{fontSize:96}}>Framework around?</Text>
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Image source={{uri: "https://facebook.github.io/react-native/img/favicon.png", width: 64, height: 64}} />
          <Text style={{fontSize:80}}>React Native</Text>
        </ScrollView>
    );
  }
}

ScrollViews can be configured to allow paging through views using swiping gestures by using the pagingEnabled props. Swiping horizontally between views can also be implemented on Android using the ViewPagerAndroid component.

A ScrollView with a single item can be used to allow the user to zoom content. Set up the maximumZoomScale and minimumZoomScale props and your user will be able to use pinch and expand gestures to zoom in and out.

ScrollView适合用来显示数量不多的滚动元素。放置在ScrollView中的所有组件都会被渲染,哪怕有些组件因为内容太长被挤出了屏幕外。如果你需要显示较长的滚动列表,那么应该使用功能差不多但性能更好的FlatList组件。下面我们来看看如何使用长列表